The three-piece boy band consisting of Sterling Ramsey, Kazeem Ajobe and Joey Thomas - who finished in fourth place during last year's competition - has signed a deal with Sony's Epic Records.
The group, who were mentored by Gary Barlow on the ITV talent show, are now gearing up to release their debut single 'Street Love' on 29 June.
In a statement on their Facebook account over the Easter weekend, they said: "The wait is over. Since The X Factor show finished, we have been inundated by our supporters (Roughians) asking one question, 'When are you going to release a single?'
"We are really proud to announce that Rough Copy have been signed to the Sony Label - Epic and have recorded their first single 'Street Love' which will released 29th June 2014.
"We are so grateful to have been given this opportunity to create music because this is our love and passion," they continued. "We have now done our part and created the music, but for this project to work we need all the 'Roughians' out there to get behind the track; lets go all the way with this one, spread the word."
Sony Music also congratulated the boys, writing from their official Twitter account: "Huge congrats to @RoughCopyUK who have signed with #Epic! Welcome to the family!"
Rough Copy lasted a total of nine weeks on The X Factor and received huge praise from the judges, who often compared them to American R&B vocal group Boyz II Men.
Since the show, the boys have continued to work on their music career and also took part in 'The X Factor Live Tour' last month, but were forced to perform as a duo following a backstage incident with Kazeem.
Rough Copy are now the third X Factor act from last year's top 12 - apart from winner Sam Bailey - to land a record deal.
Last month, Tamera Foster announced that she had signed a deal with Simon Cowell's Syco Music. Elsewhere, runner-up Nicholas McDonald signed to Sony's RCA label in January, and released his debut single 'Answerphone' last month.
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Watch Rough Copy's X Factor performance of 'September' below: